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CO2 or HILT laser therapy is a treatment that is applied in a small area of the body where it arrives at high intensity through an electromagnetic ray that amplifies the energy and consequently the effectiveness. The lasers are classified according to power: low power or soft-lasers (helium-neon lasers, semiconductor diode lasers) and high-power lasers or power-lasers (Yag and CO2).

Laser therapy was born already around the seventies and during these years has made, and continues to do, huge steps forward; today the applications in the medical field of lasers are many and become more numerous each year. In this post we will learn more about one of the many treatments that has the laser as the protagonist, that is the antalgic therapy; laser antalgic therapy, therefore, as the name suggests, is a treatment aimed at reducing pain in patients who are affected. In the following paragraphs we will try to understand together how the laser works in the antalgic therapy, for which disorders this treatment is indicated, what are the benefits, but also the risks and contraindications, of this therapy and we will try to give many other useful information for those who should undergo for the first time a session of laser pain relief therapy

What is laser antalgic therapy

Laser antalgic therapy is a treatment that exploits the ability of certain devices to emit laser beams, with very specific characteristics, which can be used in the treatment of certain pain syndromes. Mainly the laser is used in this way due to its ability to stimulate vasodilation and increase lymphatic drainage, two characteristics that make laser therapy particularly suitable for use with antalgic purposes (pain reduction therefore). We will see in more detail in the next paragraphs which disorders are treated with this method, how the laser actually works and what kind of risks or contraindications exist for this particular technique

Laser terapia antalgica: informazioni generali

Fin qui ci siamo limitati a rimarcare come negli ultimi anni le applicazioni dei laser in campo medico si siano enormemente diffuse con altrettanto grandi benefici per tantissimi pazienti; in particolare, poi, abbiamo evidenziato come uno degli usi principali della laser terapia è quello antalgico, che punta quindi a ridurre il dolore (cronico o acuto) in determinate tipologie di pazienti. Adesso possiamo quindi entrare nel vivo del nostro post e scoprire quante più informazioni possibili sulle laser terapia antalgica

1. How the laser works in antalgic therapy

The laser in antalgic therapy exploits the ability of these devices to generate beneficial effects in cells and tissues; this happens because the laser has very precise photochemical and photobiological capacities that allow to stimulate the mitochondria favoring a return to normal of the affected cells. Although someone may have a more than justifiable fear of unpleasant or otherwise painful feelings that could be experienced during a laser therapy session is a completely unfounded concern; of course, we are used to perceiving lasers as devices capable of being destructive and of concentrating great energies in microscopic points, but in reality, during a laser treatment, we do not experience any kind of pain or annoying sensation, it is a completely painless treatment

2. Laser antalgic therapy: for which disorders it is indicated

The laser antalgic therapy is indicated to treat diseases of various kinds such as in the case of joint disorders (regardless of their nature), in the case of trauma (always at the joint, tendon or muscle); it is also used in motor rehabilitation after surgery or in any case following the removal of plaster, guards or bandages designed to immobilize a specific joint

3. Main advantages and benefits of laser antalgic therapy

The main advantage of laser antalgic therapy is that it is an absolutely natural remedy that does not generate unwanted effects and can be prolonged for a long time with cumulative effects; this allows patients suffering from chronic pain syndromes, for example, to reduce and in some cases eliminate the intake of some drugs with beneficial effects for the whole body. Moreover, as already mentioned, laser therapy is completely painless and non-invasive.

4. Risks and contraindications of laser antalgic therapy

Like a large number of medical treatments, laser analgesic therapy is also contraindicated for women during pregnancy, but, unlike electrotherapy, it can be used without contraindications even in patients with pacemakers. The speech is different for people with epilepsy or malignancies, for whom laser pain therapy remains a generally contraindicated treatment

5. Laser antalgic therapy: exemptions and national health system

Laser antalgic therapy is one of the many treatments that are provided by the new LEA (essential levels of assistance) and is therefore a service to be paid by the NHS; obviously the presence of any tickets or the possibility of exemptions is strictly related to the income received, for more information on this contact your AUSL

Laser antalgic therapy: where to do it

Normally almost all physiotherapy centers offer the possibility to undergo laser analgesic therapy, obviously they must be affiliated in case you want to avail yourself of the possibility of exemption provided by the recent LEA.

How much does the laser antalgic therapy cost?

The cost of laser antalgic therapy depends on your income, being one of the services provided by the NHS; let's say that privately the average cost of a session is around twenty euros. However, it is necessary to consider that many sessions are necessary on average to obtain real benefits from laser analgesic therapy, which is why it is very rare that people who need to undergo this treatment decide to do so privately and out of the NHS services.

Laser antalgic therapy: conclusions

Laser antalgic therapy is a medical treatment used to treat diseases of the joints, both acute and chronic, in the case of traumas of various types and in motor rehabilitation; this treatment is based on the ability of the laser to stimulate the mitochondria of the cell favoring the "repair" both in case of trauma but also in case of chronic and degenerative disorders. Although the cost of a single session may not seem prohibitive, we are talking about about twenty euro, we must consider that often it is necessary to undergo several sessions and this would make the cost of a complete cycle of laser therapy antalgic prohibitive for most of people (also seen as things go nowadays in Italy); fortunately this treatment is included in the LEA and it is therefore possible to undergo the laser antalgic therapy even if you do not have the economic possibilities to do so. All thanks to our NHS that, so mistreated, still allows millions of Italians to treat themselves adequately despite the increasingly widespread economic difficulties in our country.
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